Tag Archives: low carb diet

The effects of carbohydrates on our society throughout history

The effects of carbohydrates on our society throughout history

We owe our civilization to the dawn of agriculture. It was the beginning of agriculture, which started civilization because it  stock-photo-47784218-chicago-aerial-viewtransformed our ancestors into a people who didn’t need to move around to find food. It took us from hunter-gatherers to planters and farmers. They didn’t have to search for food anymore as a new way to acquire it was discovered. Our ancestors discovered how to grow it and this is where the problem of today, started. It started at the same time civilization, as a whole, started over 10,000 years ago. That’s the reason it’s wove, so tightly into our society. As important as it’s been to our society, in the past, it’s that important to curb our use of it in our diet, now. As well as it has served us in the past as a ruins-ancient-civilization-to-day-do-16605664food source, we need to curb its use now because of the dangers this new modern food is doing to our health and emotions.

Never in our entire history, has this food that we’ve been eating for over 10,000 years, been as dangerous as it is today. Don’t
misunderstand me it’s always had the ability to  influence changes in the sugar levels of most mammals. It’s the way our biology works.  It’s this change in glucose levels, that have always given it the ability to influence our behavior. I imagine, some of the very first food fights, were actually for someone else’s food. Could have low blood glucose been at the root of that? More than likely. What food effects glucose levels in the blood, so much? Which food has one of the largest amounts of carbohydrates, empty carbohydrates in it?
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The food source that I’m referring to here is, you guessed it, wheat. It was one of the founding crops that we grew, and it’s helped develop our civilizations, throughout history. It’s also helped to destroy civilizations throughout history. And the way it did it, was due to the same quality of this food that makes it so dangerous today. That is, its ability to fluctuate blood glucose levels, in all who ingest it. This is what turns on the fat faucet. That’s why cattle ranchers use grains, to fatten their herds. Grains, in general, are fattening foods. It was important in ancient times to eat fattening foods. We needed the fat to tie us over in times when food was scarce. Now, food isn’t scarce. It’s not even hard to get. As a matter of fact, this kind of food has become far too easy to get and that’s where the danger lies. This food is far too available. Food like this was never this available in the quantities we eat them, for our ancestors. They had to work to either find their food, or grow their food. It just didn’t come to them as easy as we are able to get our hands on it, today. Because of this, the bodies that used to have to exercise to get their food don’t have to today. But that only presents one of two reasons. There’re actually a couple of reasons why, that what’s sustained us throughout history, is killing us today. This food that’s so woven into our culture(s) that’s sustained us for so long,  is killing us today, And it’s killing us slowing and expensively.

The main reason is because it’s a carbohydrate. It’s a starchy high carbohydrate food that changes blood glucose levels more rapidly than any other type of food. That’s what’s always made it so  wheat-bread-wheat-shock-white-background-34095411palatable. That’s what’s always made it addictive also. It’s just more addictive now due to its genetic engineering, The problem that it’s a carb, has been with us since wheat’s inception. The other problem, the one you can blame on genetic engineering, has made it a product, now, that’s super high in starchy non-nutritious carbs with hardly any nutritional content. What nutrients it has are not worth the trade-off for the massive amount of carbohydrates you get when you eat this food. But the fact that it’s a carbohydrate in the first place, is at the root of the problem. The problem is that glucose (carbohydrates) are digested on a cellular level, with the hormone insulin. This turns the glucose into fat so it can enter the cell, to be used as a fuel. It’s here, that the problem begins. The fat, that the insulin turns glucose into, is not that good of a fat.  (Especially at the rate we’re consuming these carbs, now.)  It is fat your body would rather store than use right away. This primitive digestive behavior is coupling itself with today’s sedentary lifestyles, to produce disastrous results.

Those results are what are costing us millions of lives, dollars, hours in lost production, our mental focus and emotional senses. All this is due to the way this food controls our blood sugars. When eaten by humans, they’re subject to the fluctuations of their blood glucose, due to the glucose infusion in the blood stream from the carbohydrates, setting off the cry for insulin. But we’re not going to talk about insulin, because its part of the story doesn’t come back in, until you start looking at what this food has the ability to do to you. This is the reason for all the illness and diseases it’s causing today. If you doubt this, read my first blog.

What we’re going to look at is the change in blood glucose in the body and what influences it has on one’s moods, emotions, thoughts, actions and speech as well as physical health. We’re going to do this because the food we’ve been ingesting throughout our entire lifetime, as a species, is the same food we’re eating right now, when in all actuality, it’s not. The food we’re eating now, that resembles this staple of our diet for so many years, isn’t anything like that of what we ate then. Today’s version of this staple is much higher in fat causing carbohydrates. It’s this one little factor about its existence that sets it aside from all other foods. The simple fact, because it has the ability to change your blood glucose so much, it has the ability to change your moods and emotional patterns, as well as behavioral patterns. Who knows what influence this factor has had throughout history? I can see today, how those patterns have been amplified. They’ve been amplified, because the food that causes this behavior has been amplified in the amount of carbohydrates it provides, to those who eat it. Their glucose levels are always varying by wide margins which in turn makes their moods vary by wide margins also. This variance in range of emotions, is what I contend, is a major influence in worldwide behavior today.

I wonder what it would be like if everyone were on a low carb diet and were no longer subject to the glucose changes in the blood and thereby not subject to changes in their moods and emotional behavior. Would everyone think and behave more rationally? They wouldn’t be influenced by the mood swings as much. I contend that they would. I know I have since I’ve been on a low carb diet. It’s done so much to alter my emotional behavior that it’s made me a completely new person. I’m not nearly as volatile as I used to be. I don’t lose my temper like I used to. Most importantly, I don’t get frustrated as much as I used to. Simply put, I’m a much saner guy, than what I used to be on  carbohydrate diet. I think much more rationally, now that I’m on a low carb(MCT keto) diet. If this diet can do this for me, can you imagine what it can do for anyone else? I try to imagine what it could do for the world and how it might help to mellow everyone out, just a little bit. It would, at least, make everyone healthier and that change alone might go a long way to evening our emotions.

My contention is that if can do it for anybody in the world and if it can, why can’t that change the behavior of the world?

Only abstinence from this food, can tell us if it would work. I ask you, why not try to find out if I’m correct in my assumptions? What do we have to lose? Bad Health? Lost production? Lost wealth? Lost sanity? To me the trade off is worth the gamble, wouldn’t you think so?

The Payoff of Life Without Carbs.

The Payoff of Life Without Carbs.

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How often have you ever felt like you just couldn’t control yourself? How many times have you ever felt like someone or something  else was pulling your strings? How often have you ever felt like your emotions and decisions were under the control of someone or something else? How comfortable did it make you feel? You knew you shouldn’t be feeling this way, but you just couldn’t help it. It’s like you’re almost you were being forced to do something you know that you shouldn’t be doing.
hormones-influencing-moods-behavior-34340251You’re not alone. This happens to almost everybody (except for those on a low carbohydrate diet). It’s the nature of addiction. When this happens, that’s your hormones talking to you. Your hormones are the governing agents in your body. Beside dictating almost every function in your body, they dictate when you’re hungry and when your not. They also dictate how much to eat and when to stop. Being a high carbohydrate diet turns control of your hormones over to the food you’re eating instead of keeping it under your control.

time-to-think-creative-brain-idea-concept-background-flat-design-perfect-poster-flyer-presentation-brochure-vector-45489158This is the biggest benefit of living a life without carbs’ influence on your body. It begins to manifest itself when hormones come back under your control and not that of your high carbohydrate diet.
Once carbs are out of the equation, and no longer influencing your hunger hormones (Leptin and Ghrelin), that leaves the door open, for you to control your own hormones and thereby control how these hormones work within your body. The two most important hormones, as far as hunger and your body mass are concerned, are Leptin and Ghrelin.

hormones-list-ghrh-papers-tablet-words-growth-hormone-releasing-hormone-medical-concept-55856070Leptin and Ghrelin are the two hormones that regulate your digestive system, by telling you when you’re hungry and when you’re not, so that’s what we’re going to look at in this post.

According to Nora T. Gedgaudas, an acclaimed nutritional therapist, “Leptin essentially controls mammalian metabolism.”Leptin decides whether to make us hungry and store more fat or to burn fat. When your stomach is full, fat cells release leptin to tell your brain to stop eating. This is your body’s brake for the fork to mouth syndrome. Dr Perlmutter goes on to say in Grain Brain that “millions of Americans qualify as bona fide members of the leptin-resistant club. It’s practically a given if you’ve been eating a high carb diet and don’t sleep well. A few of the signs of leptin resistance; being overweight, unable to lose weight and keep it off, constantly craving comfort foods, fatigue after meals, feeling hungry all the time or at odd hours of the night, desire to snack right after a meal, problems sleeping to name a few. For the complete list, read Grain Brain. Leptin resistance is not a condition to strive for. Its leptin resistance that leads to overeating and it’s a very common condition while on a high carbohydrate diet.

Leptin is the hormone that tells you when to stop eating. It’s called the satiety hormone, but that’s not what’s interesting about Leptin. What’s interesting about Leptin is that it’s created  by your body fat. That means, the more body fat you have, the more Leptin you’ll have. The more Leptin you have, the more resistant to it’s charm you become, meaning that you become Leptin resistant. This means that you eat more food because your hunger takes longer to satiate. This in turn will turn you insulin resistant and that, you don’t want. That’s type two diabetes and it’s bad news.

According to Wikipedia; “Although leptin reduces appetite as a circulating signal, obese individuals generally exhibit a higher circulating concentration of leptin than normal weight individuals due to their higher percentage body fat.[9] These people show resistance to leptin, similar to resistance of insulin in type 2 diabetes, with the elevated levels failing to control hunger and modulate their weight. “

It’s this Leptin resistance that gives control of your hormones over to the foods your eat most, high carbohydrate wheat and grains.

It’s this cycle of carb-fat-hormone control that causes obesity, diabetes and the myriad of other illnesses and diseases that come this high carb diet.  It starts with the plaque that the combination of glucoses and fat , cholesterol and protein have when they combine in your blood stream. There are several kinds of plaque that all have damaging effects on the body and it starts with excess glucose in your blood.

It’s this cycle also, that contributes more than anything else, to a smaller brain, Studies have shown that obese people have smaller brains than normal weight people. These studies have also shown that the fatter you are, the smaller your brain is likelier to be.

Although that doesn’t, in itself, explain why your brain shrinks when you’re fat. How you metabolize carbs explains how that  happens along with the effect of the excess sugar in your blood stream. When sugar meets fat, cholesterol and protein in the blood stream, the sugar glycates the fat, cholesterol and proteins in your blood, turning them into plaques. It’s these plaques that gums up your arteries as well as your brain, therein shrinking its capabilities. On top of that, the gliadin that’s in the gluten, that’s in many grains, has the capability of causing brain damage itself, by forcing your body to create anti-gliadin antibodies, which in turn can attach themselves to purkinje cells in your cerebellum enabling that cell useless, which is then discarded by the brain. Hence, brain damage and smaller brain from eating wheat and grain based products.

Dr William Davis in Wheat Belly, says: “The antigliadin antibodies triggered by gluten can bind to Purkinje cells of the brain, cells unique to the cerebellum. Brain tissue such as Purkinje cells do not have the capacity to regenerate: Once damaged, cerebellar Purkinje cells are gone . . . forever.

Ghrelin, on the other hand, is the hormone that signals your brain that you’re hungry. According to Dr Perlmutter, Ghrelin is the yin to leptin’s yang. This hormone is secreted by the stomach when it’s empty and increases your appetite. As much as leptin tells you to stop eating, Ghrelin is the one that tells your, brain it’s time to eat.

Ghrelin is first and foremost a growth hormone, as well as a hunger hormone, but it also serves many other functions. These functions include, but are certainly not limited to, the following attributes (according to Wikipedia);

  • “Ghrelin promotes intestinal cell proliferation and inhibits apoptosis during inflammatory states and oxidative stress.[49][50] It also suppresses pro-inflammatory mechanisms and augments anti-inflammatory mechanisms, thus creating a possibility of its therapeutic use in various gastrointestinal inflammatory conditions, including colitis, ischemia reperfusion injury, and sepsis.[51][52] Animal models of colitis, ischemia reperfusion, and sepsis-related gut dysfunction have been shown to benefit from therapeutic doses of ghrelin.[51][52] It has also been shown to have regenerative capacity and is beneficial in mucosal injury to the stomach.[53]
  • “The hippocampus plays a significant role in neurotrophy: the cognitive adaptation to changing environments and the process of learning[58][59] and it is a potent stimulator of growth hormone.[11] Animal models indicate that ghrelin may enter the hippocampus from the bloodstream, altering nerve-cell connections, and so altering learning and memory. It is suggested that learning may be best during the day and when the stomach is empty, since ghrelin levels are higher at these times. A similar effect on human memory performance is possible.[58]
  • “Although the vast majority of neurons in the mammalian brain are formed prenatally, parts of the adult brain (for example, the hippocampus) retain the ability to grow new neurons from neural stem cells,[citation needed] a process known as neurogenesis. Neurotrophins are chemicals that help to stimulate and control neurogenesis.”

Looking at the attributes above, Ghrelin not only supports anti-inflammatory mechanisms, but it’s this last attribute that sets it apart from all the other benefits that this diet provides, as it promotes neurotrophins in the brain which in turn help the brain to produce new cells. In other words it makes the brain grow. That means that going hungry turns on factors in your brain that actually make it grow. BDNF is just one of these neurotrophins that I talk about on the MY Life Without Carbs page. There are a few others you can find out about at the previous link.

hormones-list-ghrh-papers-tablet-words-growth-hormone-releasing-hormone-medical-concept-55856070So Ghrelin not only tells when to eat, it also inhibits cell death, it helps control pain and disease by controlling anti-inflammatory mechanisms as well as encouraging our brain to grow by encouraging neurogenesis, the growth of new brain cells. It’s this one factor that intrigues me the most. This means that I can grow new brain cells, something that I thought was lost 30 years ago after my severe closed head injury. I didn’t used to think that brain cells couldn’t grow back, when in all actuality, they’re growing all the time, through neurogenesis, (at least for those who want them to grow).

The question, therein lies, how do we encourage this neurogenesis? I hinted to that in the previous paragraphs and Ghrelin plays an important role in it. But something else just as important, influences brain growth, and that’s exercise.

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Our ancestors ran for their food in primitive times as well as ran for their lives. It was this action (exercise) that allowed our brains to grow as large as they dud. We could not only run hungry, we could run longer and harder because of the diet we were on, as a species at that time (carbs weren’t part of our diet at then). But they are now. What’s worse? They’re in our diet in abundance. And what’s even, worser yet, is that we live a sedentary life style, and it’s this life style coupled with an insatiable appetite for high carbohydrate foods that’s causing this obesity epidemic as well as diabetes epidemic, cancer epidemic, gastro-intestinal epidemic, heart disease epidemic, and that of all of the other diseases that go with it. This to me is the most ablolute worst thing that this food is doing to our society, it’s making us dumber.

High carbohydrate diet + sedentary life style = obesity, smaller
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Low carb diet + exercise = longer life, bigger, smarter brain and better immunity to fight off illness and disease.

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This one attribute, in my estimation, is the most important attribute of eating a low carb diet. Dr Perlmutter puts it this way, the fatter you are the smaller your brain. And what we’ve just looked at proves that. It also proves that the thinner you are the larger your brain is likely to be.

To me, that says, those who can’t break their addiction to the carbohydrate curse, are destined to be dumber than those who can break this addiction. The writing of this entire blog in the last three weeks, has proven this fact to me, that it is possible to expand our brains as well as the capabilities of our brains. Thank you Dr. Perlmutter for helping me to realize and understand this. And with this blog, compared to the length of time it took me to write my short bio, I think I’ve proven that.

Studies have shown that calorie restriction in the elderly has improved their memories, as evidenced by this study; A. V. Witte, et al., “Caloric Restriction Improves Memory in Elderly Humans,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106, no. 4 (January 27, 2009): 1255–60, The gene that turns on BDNF is activated by a variety of lifestyle habits, including physical exercise, caloric restriction, following a ketogenic diet, and the addition of certain nutrients like curcumin and the omega-3 fat DHA. According to Dr Perlmutter, exercise as well as calorie restriction creates BDNF (Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor). BDNF is a protein that actually builds new neurons in your brain and makes them work together, by setting them up in neuro networks. It also works well protecting existing neurons, as evidence by the study above. It’s more influential in building your brain, than anything else and it’s difficult for an obese person to manufacture.

This is what Dr Perlmutter talks about, when he mentions that you can control this neurogenesis (brain growth),  He explains in his book Grain Brain;

“The process, as one might expect, is controlled by our DNA. Specifically, a gene located on chromosome 11 codes for the production of a protein called “brain-derived neurotrophic factor,” or BDNF. BDNF plays a key role in creating new neurons. But beyond its role in neurogenesis, BDNF protects existing neurons, ensuring their survivability while encouraging synapse formation, the connection of one neuron to another—a process vital for thinking, learning, and higher levels of brain function. Studies have demonstrated decreased levels of BDNF in Alzheimer’s patients, which, based on an understanding of how BDNF works, should not come as a surprise.  What is perhaps more surprising is the association of BDNF with a variety of neurological conditions, including epilepsy, anorexia nervosa, depression, schizophrenia, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. We now have a firm understanding of the factors that influence our DNA to produce BDNF. And fortunately, these factors are mostly under our direct control. The gene that turns on BDNF is activated by a variety of lifestyle habits, including physical exercise, caloric restriction, following a ketogenic diet, and the addition of certain nutrients like curcumin and the omega-3 fat DHA.”

This is where it really gets good. You begin to experience the full effect of what exercise, combined with calorie restriction and a ketogenic diet, can do for you.

You get a fully charged immune system that keeps you healthy, wealthy and disease free.

Dr Perlmutter goes on to say in Grain Brain;

“Fortunately, and as one would expect, human physiology has developed its own biochemistry to create more protective antioxidants during times of high oxidative stress. Far from being entirely dependent on external food sources of antioxidants, our cells have their own innate ability to generate antioxidant enzymes on demand. High levels of free radicals turn on a specific protein in the nucleus called Nrf2, which essentially opens the door for the production of a vast array of not only our body’s most important antioxidants, but also detoxification enzymes. So if excessive free radicals induce better antioxidant production through this pathway, then the next obvious question is, what else activates Nrf2?”

“Now this is where the story gets really exciting. New research has identified a variety of modifiable factors that can turn on the Nrf2 switch, activating genes that can produce powerful antioxidants and detoxification enzymes. Vanderbilt University’s Dr. Ling Gao has found that when the omega-3 fats EPA and DHA are oxidized, they significantly activate the Nrf2 pathway. For years researchers have noted decreased levels of free radical damage in individuals who consume fish oil (the source of EPA and DHA), but with this new research, the relationship between fish oil and antioxidant protection is now clear. As Dr. Gao reported, “Our data support the hypothesis that the formation of… compounds generated from oxidation of EPA and DHA in vivo can reach concentrations high enough to induce Nrf2-based antioxidant and… detoxification defense systems.” “Not surprisingly, calorie restriction also has been demonstrated in a variety of laboratory models to induce Nrf2 activation”.

“Several natural compounds that turn on antioxidant and detoxification pathways through activation of the Nrf2 system have been identified. Among these are curcumin from turmeric, green tea extract, silymarin (milk thistle), bacopa extract, DHA, sulforaphane (contained in broccoli), and ashwagandha. Each of these substances is effective in turning on the body’s innate production of key antioxidants, including glutathione. And if none of these compounds sounds like something you’re used to having daily in your diet, then you’ll be happy to know that coffee is one of the most powerful Nrf2 activators in nature. Several molecules in coffee, some of which are partly present in the raw material while others are generated during the roasting process, are responsible for this positive effect.”

” Aside from antioxidant function, activation of the Nrf2 pathway turns on the genes to produce a vast array of protective chemicals that further support the body’s detoxification pathways while dampening inflammation—all good things for brain health.”

When calories are reduced in the diets of laboratory animals, they not only live longer (likely as a result of increased antioxidant protection), but also become remarkably resistant to the development of several cancers.”

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We all know that exercise is good for you, but did you know before today that it helps to grow your brain cells? What you probably didn’t know, was that, hunger can produce similar results in helping your brain to generate new brain cells. This to me is what’s so exiting. Just by going hungry, I’m encouraging my brain to generate new brain cells, as well as encouraging my body to easier fight illness and disease by boosting my immune system, by boosting my anti-oxidants exponentially. WOW! How good can this be? All I have to do is to stop eating the foods that cause this kind of behavior in my body,

  1. go hungry once in a while
  2. exercise
  3. eat  ketogenic diet with “certain nutrients like coconut oil, circumin and the omega-3 fat DHA”

and I can be rid of the worry of most everything listed in my first post, Carbs, The Newly Discovered Death Sentence.

If that’s not good news, I don’t know what is.